Moles are not rodents; they belong to the group of mammals known as insectivores and thus are more closely related to the shrews. They are 5-8 inches long with short, velvety fur that is usually grey to silvery grey. The eyes and ears of moles are very small and are concealed in the fur. Origins and distribution:
Abundant throughout U.K and Europe but absent from Ireland. Habitat: Adult moles are solitary and live mostly underground in their tunnel system. Moles are active day and night throughout the year. The number of mounds or surface ridges seen in a yard is no indication of how many moles may be present. Generally, one acre of land will support about two or three moles at one time.
Breeding: Mating occurs during February and March, with a single litter of three to five young. In the spring males in search of females sometimes make long straight surface tunnels. Breeding season extends from February to June and 1 litter is usual. Gestation lasts about 4 weeks.
Control is achieved by trapping or gassing depending on the location and situation.